Nigeria Internet Registration Association (NiRA)

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NiRA at Nigeria Tech Innovation & Telecom Awards (NTITA)

On Tuesday, 7th November 2017, NiRA received a Special Recognition Award for Promoting the Nigeria Online Identity .ng at the Nigeria Tech Innovation & Telecom (NTITA) Awards 2017. Mr. Ikechukwu Nnamani, a member of the NiRA Executive Board of Directors, and the NiRA Chief Operating Officer, Mrs Edith Udeagu received the award on behalf of NiRA.

It was the maiden edition of the NTITA Awards organized by Association of Telecommunication Companies of Nigeria (ATCON). The occasion was to recognize and reward organizations and individuals at the forefront of innovation in the Technology & Telecom industry in Nigeria.

Other winners of awards at the event include VDT Communications Limited, Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN), Nigeria Communication Commission (NCC), Medallion Communication Limited, Galaxy Backbone Limited and Airtel. ICT personalities were not left out as Prof. Umar Garba Danbatta, the NCC Executive Vice Chairman/CEO: received the Technology Man of the Year award. Dr. Ernest Ndukwe, the former EVC of the NCC received the Life Time Achievement Award and the Managing Director / CEO Galaxy Backbone Yusuf Kazaure picked up the Public Sector Infrastructure Provider for the year award on behalf of Galaxy Backbone.


Cloud computing is the practice of using a network of remote multiple servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage and process data. It is evolving with companies of all shapes and sizes adapting to the technology based on their requirements.

In the past, people would run applications or programs from software downloaded on a physical server. Cloud Computing relies on shared pool of computing resources (networks, servers, applications, storage and services).

Cloud computing promotes service availability and is composed of five essential characteristics (resource pooling, measured service, rapid elasticity, broad network access and on-demand self-service). 

There are four deployment models of cloud computing (namely public, community, private and hybrid). There are also four service models,  namely  Development as a Service (DaaS), Cloud Software as a Service (SaaS), Cloud Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

The components (enablers) of cloud computing architecture are frontend platform, backend platforms,  cloud based delivery system and a network.

Cloud computing is used on daily basis to carry out computing activities for services such as ecommerce, file sharing, storing and playing of music and movies, sending email, playing of games and lots more. 

Companies and Organisations have been taking advantages of the business side of cloud computing and offer these computing services to clients. These companies are popularly referred to as cloud providers.

Cloud computing system requires providers to keep clients data and information secure, ensuring backups of devices. Many  are apprehensive in utilising cloud computing services but there are many benefits associated with cloud computing.

 The following are some of the benefits of cloud computing:

  • Scalable IT Infrastructure: The ability and flexibility to scale up or down a company’s IT infrastructure depending on its need
  • Work from anywhere: Clients would be able to access their applications and data from anywhere at any time over the Internet. Data won’t be confined to any user's computer’s hard drive.
  • Some companies rent physical space to store servers and databases because servers and storage devices takes up space. Cloud computing allows these companies to store data on providers hardware removing the need for physical space.
  • Zero Capital Expenditure: There won’t be a need to purchase a computer with a large hard drive and plenty of memory because your information are stored on a remote computer. You will enjoy pay as you go service.
  • Backup and Recovery: Data can be mirrored at multiple redundant site on the cloud provider’s network which makes data backup, disaster recovery and business continuity easy and less expensive.
  • Increased collaboration
  • Automatic Software integration

There are equally risks associated with cloud computing. These include security in the cloud, technical issues, loss of control, fear of the unknown, etc.

Each organisation must seek detailed information from the cloud service provider and based on informed decision, decide whether or not to embark on cloud services.

Major examples of cloud-based services utilizing cloud computing, that you are probably using are Google Drive, Apple iCloud and Amazon Cloud Drive.

AFRINIC-27 is here!

Afrinic-27 Meeting starts on 27th November 2017. NiRA is hosting the African Internet Infrastructure Community. I hope you have made plans to join us at the week-long event. It is the primary event where policies related to Internet Number Resources management in the Africa region is discussed and articulated. It is an African ICT event with a global recognition, you cannot afford to miss it. Please use the link below, for all updates concerning the meeting

Apart from various discussions on policies on the management of Internet Number Resource in Africa and the Indian Ocean region, there is the three days intensive and hands-on training and workshop on IPv6 and Internet Number Resource Management. Please register to attend. Since the event is holding in Nigeria, you don’t have to worry about paying for air ticket and hotel accommodation in foreign currency.

I can confirm that AFRINIC-27 would be a very interesting experience for all participants. I encourage NiRA members, Accredited Registrars and stakeholders to please attend the event. It will be of immense benefit to the entire Nigerian Internet Community.  The program of the AFRINIC-27 meeting can be seen on the following link:

Key Government officials like his Excellency, Prof Yemi Osinbajo, Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Barrister Abdur-Raheem Adebayo Shittu, the Honourable Minister for Communications, Dr. Isa Ali Ibrahim Pantami, Director-General/CEO, National Information Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Prof. Umaru Danbatta, EVC/CEO of Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) are expected to grace the occasion. We also expect other government officials, captains of the Industry and major stakeholders and members of the Nigerian Internet Community. The Official Opening Ceremony will hold on Tuesday, 28th November 2017. Please register on the AFRINIC-27 website (First link above) to gain entry to the Opening Ceremony.

The impressive list of confirmed speakers for AFRINIC-27 is at, We are so looking forward to being the local host for this great event. Hosting of AFRINIC-27 is a positive note to the rising profile of Nigeria in the global ICT community. It is a great opportunity to present our rich cultural heritage and hospitality.

There are still sponsorship opportunities. These opportunities and benefits for the various categories of sponsors can be viewed via the link

Join us to make it memorable.

The Social media hashtags for the meeting are all of #AFRINIC27, #Lagos, #Nigeria #NiRA. You can equally join remotely via the meeting URL

We look forward to your presence at AFRINIC-27.

I remain at your service.


Rev’d Sunday Folayan

President, NIRA Executive Board

Authoritative and Recursive DNS Servers: What’s The Difference?

It is obvious the Domain Name System (DNS) is one of the most essential parts of the Internet’s infrastructure. The Domain Name System (DNS) comprises of two parts: Authoritative and Recursive Name Servers. The authoritative nameserver and recursive nameserver are important nameservers that enable DNS run seamlessly and actually respond to domain name request.

By using DNS, you can connect to a website like without having to know the website’s IP address. The Authoritative DNS system provides resources of the zone whilst the Recursive DNS holds information of the host for a given amount of time specified by that Records Time To Live (TTL) value.

Authoritative DNS nameservers are responsible for providing answers to requests made by other DNS nameservers (Recursive Servers) with the IP “mapping” of the intended website. The authoritative nameservers’ simply respond to the recursive nameservers contains important information for each domain, such as corresponding IP addresses and other necessary DNS records. Essentially authoritative nameservers are like the name mapping database, that is, it contains relationship existing between a registered domain name and it corresponding IP address.

Recursive nameservers are the intermediary that respond to domain requests. It provides answer to the request if it has cached earlier, else it proceeds to the authoritative server. The caching of the name are based on the default time to live (TTL)

At the top of the DNS tree are the root domain nameservers. Every domain has an implied/hidden “.” at the end of the name, that designates the DNS root nameservers at the top of the hierarchy. Root domain nameservers know the IP addresses of the authoritative nameservers that handle DNS queries for the Top Level Domains (TLD) like “.ng”. It first asks the root domain nameservers for the IP address of the TLD server, in this case, “.ng.” (working on

Afterwards it asks the authoritative server for “”, where it can find the “” domain’s authoritative server. Then “” is asked where to find “”. Once the IP address is known for the website the recursive DNS server responds to your computer with the appropriate IP address.

October 2017 Domain Name Report

The total number of .ng domain name registrations has been on a steady increase, with a month-on-month growth of at least 1,500 active domains. Two new Registrars have been accredited since the last statistics were published. It is estimated that active .ng domain registrations will surpass the 100,000 mark before the end of the year 2017. 



The data shows an improvement in registrations, compared to registrations in the last three years. With less than two months to the end of the year, based on the various projects and awareness programmes of NIRA, it is expected that many more businesses and individuals will take up their .ng domain names.

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